Browsing by Author "Ehrlich, M.D."
Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
Results Per Page
- ItemDistribución de huevos, larvas y prerreclutas de merluza (Merluccius hubbsi) en la Zona Común de Pesca Argentino-Uruguaya. Período 1999-2001(Mar del Plata : Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo Pesquero (INIDEP), 2006) Machinandiarena, L.; Brown, D.R.; Ehrlich, M.D.; Pájaro, M.; Dorado, J.; Teso, V.Distribution and abundance of eggs, larvae and prerecruit stages of Merluccius hubbsi were evaluated to examine spawning, nursery and settlement areas in the Argentine-Uruguayan Common Fishing Zone during the 1999-2001 period. Larvae and prerecruit stages were more abundant at stations from 50 m to 100 m depth. The nursery area would extend from the 50 m isobath south of 37° S to the 200 m isobath northward where the shelf becomes narrower. In the whole sampling area small size prerecruits were caught; therefore, the whole zone should be considered as a potential settlement area.
- ItemEsquema biogeográfico del Mar Argentino(Mar del Plata : Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo Pesquero (INIDEP), 2008) Balech, E.; Ehrlich, M.D.The fauna of the Argentine (SW Atlantic Ocean) shelf allows to distinguish two biogeographic provinces: the Argentine and the Magellanic that are part of the Subtropical and Subantarctic Regions. The former extends from 30° S-32° S to 41° S-44° S and from the coast to the 82-95 m isobath, between 35° S-39° S, to 70 m depth in the north Patagonia. The latter extends from the Valdés Peninsula to the southern extreme and from 43° S northward, east area of the Argentine Province. The different physiographic characteristics allow to distinguish movable sandy bottoms in the Argentine Province and in the Magellanic gravel bottoms where large algae grow. The climatic differences explain the prevalence of northern winds in the first, where warm and temperate-cold coastal waters alternate and western strong winds in the second with net predominance of subantarctic waters from the Malvinas Current. The factors mentioned explain the differences in the faunal composition of both Provinces; the Argentina is characterized by a marked heterogeneity of its components and the Magellanic by its homogeneity and own taxa. The detailed analysis of the faunal composition of both Provinces performed using benthonic organisms (echinoderms, crustaceans and molluscs) and nektonic (fishes) resulted in subdivisions that correspond to the Uruguayan District, down to 38° S-39° S and the Rionegrin, south of said latitude in the Argentine Province and the Chubutian and Southpatagonic, north and south of 47° S in the Magellanic. The hydrographic regime allowed to establish the Santacrucean and Fuegian Subdistricts within the Southpatagonic District, which supports the warm drift theory in the Uruguayan and Rionegrin Districts of the Argentine Province and in the Chubutian of the Magellanic. The feature that characterizes the Southpatagonic District is the absence of a warm water tongue.
- ItemFecundidad parcial y frecuencia reproductiva del efectivo patagónico de merluza (Merluccius hubbsi)(Mar del Plata: Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo Pesquero (INIDEP), 2006) Pájaro, M.; Macchi, G.J.; Ehrlich, M.D.Batch fecundity and spawning frequency of Argentine hake inhabiting Patagonian waters south of 41° S were estimated using monthly samples collected during the December 2000-March 2001 reproductive season and at the end of the March 2002 spawning period. Batch fecundity was fitted to a power function of total length and a linear function of ovary-free female weight with values ranging between 100,000 (32 cm total length) and 2,300,000 (87 cm total length) hydrated oocytes. Batch and relative fecundity showed variations during the spawning season with a marked decrease towards the end of the reproductive period (March). The spawning frequency, which ranged between 0.10 and 0.15, was estimated from the proportion of females with day-1 postovulatory follicles and was higher during the spawning peak (January-February). At these frequencies, a female hake would spawn, on average, 14 times between December and March. Both, batch fecundity and spawning frequency showed higher variability within the same reproductive season than between years
- ItemIchthyoplankton composition, distribution and abundance on the southern patagonian shelf and adjacent waters.(Mar del Plata: Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo Pesquero, 1999) Ehrlich, M.D.; Sánchez, R.P.; de Ciechomski, J.D.; Machinandiarena, L.; Pájaro, M.This paper reviews the information on pelagic and demersal fish eggs and larvae, describing the distribution and seasonality of different species and their arrangement in icthyoplankton assemblages in the Southern patagonian waters. It also reports on 11 surveys conducted by INIDEP during 1992-1995. A total of 488 ichthyoplankton samples were analyzed. Fish eggs have been recognized in 47. of all ichthyoplankton samples. They belong to three species: Coelorhynchus fasciatus, Macrourus whitsoni and Micromesistius australis. Fish larvae of 23 species and 17 families have been identified in 96. of all samples analyzed. Spawning of most species begins in autumn, and progresses through winter, when the southern blue whiting and grenadier fish contribute to more than half of all eggs present in our samples. Nototheniid and myctophiid larvae were caught during all year long. Four larval groups were detected using cluster analysis: the first group, formed exclusively by nototheniids, which occupied a vast area on the continental shelf between 100 and 200 m depth, the second formed by Agonopsis chiloensis, Eleginops maclovinus, Macruronus magellanicus and Sprattus fuegensis in coastal waters, the third formed by myctophiids, Gymnoscopelus spp. and Micromesistius australis, inhabit the outer continental shelf and slope, and the fourth included Protomyctophum spp., Krefftichthys anderssoni and Bathylagus antarcticus, species typically found in Subantarctic waters of the Malvinas Current. Comparing the distribution of eggs and larvae of blue whiting from collections obtained during the 70's and 80's, with those of recent surveys, it is evident, that a significant contraction of the spawning grounds of the species has take place, particularly to the west of the archipelago.