Presencia de veneno paralizante de moluscos en higado de caballa de la región costera bonaerense

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Mar del Plata: Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo Pesquero
During november 1992 an intense bloom of the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium tamarense accurred in coastal waters from Mar del Plata, Argentina. Toxicity testing of Mytilus edulis populations of the region revealed high levels of paralytic shellfish poison. In order to study the possible PSP accumulation in mackerel (Scomber japonicus), mouse bioassay (AOAC) was performed in livers from individuals captured during December 1992. Liver extracts were lethal to mice; the sumptoms observed were typical of those caused by paralytic shellfish toxins. Although PSPS concentration is below the established limit for human consumption, it suggests that mackerel can accumulate PSP toxins from its food. On the basis of stomach content analysis of sampled mackerel and the related literature, the occurrence of possible toxins vector organisms is discussed.
INIDEP Documento Científico, 2. p. 53-59