INIDEP Informe Técnico Nro 68 (2009)

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    Muestreo de desembarque de caballa (Scomber japonicus) en el puerto de Mar del Plata, período noviembre 2003-diciembre 2004 y resultados de la campaña de estimación de la biomasa de diciembre de 2004
    (Mar del Plata: Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo Pesquero, 2009) Perrotta, Ricardo G.; Garciarena, A. David; Madirolas, A.; Cabreira, Ariel G.
    Chub mackerel (Scomber japonicus) landings corresponding to November 2003-January 2004 and November 2004-January 2005 fishing seasons were analyzed at the Mar del Plata port (Argentina, SW Atlantic). Fourty one samples were taken to measure total length exclusively and 4 sub-samples to record individual data (total length, weight, sex, sexual stage, age according to otoliths reading). Total length ranged 20-50 cm (1 and 8 years old). The most abundant sizes, between 32-37 cm, corresponded to ages 3 and 4, respectively. Most of the fish caught were adult (95%) and mature (85%) specimens. Length-weight, length-age relations were calculated and length-growth, weight-growth parameters estimated. The catch per unit of effort, of high variability (0-2,455 kg h-1), decreased as sea surface temperature increased. To estimate the species biomass in the fishing area a research cruise was carried out between 17-20 December 2004. Measurements, obtained with acoustic methods, reached a total of 11,678 t. The highest concentrations were found at a temperature of around 17.4 ºC and salinity of 33.62 psu. During the acoustic tracking, unusual concentrations of anchovy for the season were detected.