INIDEP Informe Técnico Nro 71 (2009)

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    Las condiciones oceanográficas en el área marplatense (37° 00' S-38° 24' S) y su relación con la distribución de la caballa (Scomber japonicus). Octubre-noviembre de 1999
    (Mar del Plata: Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo Pesquero, 2009) Reta, Raúl; Perrotta, Ricardo G.; Garciarena, A. David
    Results obtained during a research cruise carried out along the coastal area of Mar del Plata (Buenos Aires, Argentina) in November 1999 are presented. The objective of the research cruise was to estimate chub mackerel (Scomber japonicus) abundance with acoustic methods and establish its relation to the hydrographic conditions. The information gathered was complemented with data of catches obtained by a commercial vessel that operated simultaneously in the study area. Environmental data from other research cruises and satellite information were also taken into account to obtain contemporary sea surface temperature and wind speed and direction data. The main species of catches of the research cruise and commercial vessel were horse mackerel (Trachurus lathami) and anchovy (Engraulis anchoita). No chub mackerel was detected during the acoustic assessment; however, the species was caught by the commercial vessel in the southern part of the study area and near the thermohaline front. Chub mackerel yields were very low if compared to those regularly recorded in the area and time the purse-seine fleet operates and that are typical of an advanced fishing season (January). The advection of estuarine waters from the de la Plata river, conditioned by the winds field, generated the displacement of low salinity waters over the coastal area that surpassed the regular southern limits. The positive anomalies of sea surface temperature in the region, that reached values close to 3 °C, could have caused the partial exclusion of chub mackerel in the coastal region of Mar del Plata.